doctor holding vaccine shot

International Travel Vaccinations: A Country-By-Country Guide for Protecting Your Health Abroad


Travelling to new destinations offers enriching experiences and exciting adventures. However, it also exposes you to a range of health risks, with various potential infections or illnesses prevalent in different parts of the world. To ensure a safe and healthy journey, it's essential to receive the appropriate vaccinations prior to your departure. Vaccinations not only protect you from potential diseases but also contribute to global public health by preventing the spread of infections.

Navigating the world of travel vaccinations can be a daunting task, especially as recommendations vary depending on your destination. In this comprehensive listicle, we'll break down the recommended vaccinations for countries across the globe, enabling you to make informed decisions for your health and safety while abroad. From common vaccines like Hepatitis A and measles to destination-specific vaccinations such as yellow fever and Japanese encephalitis, this guide will help you feel confident and prepared for your international travels.

General Travel Vaccination Recommendations

Before delving into destination-specific vaccinations, it's crucial to ensure you're up to date with routine vaccinations recommended for all travellers. These vaccines provide vital protection against common infections and diseases that might be encountered during international travel. The World Health Organization (WHO) advises travellers to complete basic vaccinations for measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, and polio. Additionally, Hepatitis A and typhoid vaccinations are recommended for most travellers, especially those visiting countries with variable sanitation and clean water supply.

Destination-Specific Vaccine Recommendations

The following section highlights vaccine recommendations for several popular travel destinations. Note that these are general guidelines and individual requirements might vary depending on factors such as travel itinerary, specific activities, and health status. It is essential to consult with a medical professional to personalise your immunisation plan.

1. Southeast Asia

Countries like Thailand, Vietnam, and the Philippines pose particular risks for travellers' diarrhoea, hepatitis A and B, and typhoid. In addition to general vaccinations, it is advisable to get immunised against these diseases. Japanese encephalitis vaccination might also be suggested, depending on your travel itinerary and length of stay in rural areas with rice paddies and pig farms.

2. South America

Travelling to countries such as Brazil, Peru, and Argentina necessitates vaccinations for hepatitis A, typhoid, and yellow fever. Yellow fever vaccination is mandatory for entry into some countries, and an International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP) may be required to prove you've been vaccinated. Also, consider getting vaccinated against rabies if you plan to explore rural areas or interact with animals during your trip.

3. Africa

Heading to destinations like South Africa, Kenya, or Tanzania requires additional precautionary measures. Along with hepatitis A, typhoid, and yellow fever vaccinations, travellers should consider the meningococcal vaccine, especially if visiting during the meningitis belt's dry season. Moreover, anti-malarial medication is strongly recommended if you're travelling to malaria-endemic regions.

4. Central and Eastern Europe

Countries like Russia, Poland, and Hungary have recommendations similar to other international destinations, with emphasis on hepatitis A, typhoid, and routine vaccinations. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) vaccination might also be advised if you plan to spend time in rural or forested areas during the tick season.

Timing of Vaccinations

Proper timing is critical in ensuring the effectiveness of travel vaccinations. Aim to start the vaccination process at least 4-6 weeks before your departure date, as some vaccines require multiple doses or take time before they become fully effective. It is important to discuss your travel plans with a healthcare professional in advance to determine the appropriate vaccination schedule.

Special Considerations for Pregnant Travellers, Children, and Immunocompromised Individuals

Specific health conditions or circumstances merit additional attention and care when planning vaccination schedules. Here are some key considerations for different groups:

1. Pregnant Travellers

Many vaccinations are safe during pregnancy, but some, like yellow fever and the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, are not recommended due to the risk of harm to the developing baby. It is crucial to consult with a medical professional to develop an appropriate vaccination plan during pregnancy.

2. Children

Young travellers might require different vaccination schedules compared to adults. Some vaccines are not administered to infants under a certain age, while others might require additional doses for children. Always consult a healthcare professional to ensure your child is appropriately protected before travelling.

3. Immunocompromised Individuals

Individuals with weakened immune systems because of conditions like HIV, organ transplants, or certain medications require special care when planning travel vaccinations. Live attenuated vaccines (such as yellow fever or MMR) might not be suitable for use in immunocompromised patients. Consult with a healthcare professional to determine the safest vaccination options for your unique situation.

When planning your international adventures, prioritising your health is of utmost importance. Understanding the specific vaccination requirements for your destinations and consulting with a medical professional will help put your mind at ease and ensure a safe and enjoyable journey.


Safeguarding your health with appropriate vaccinations is an essential aspect of international travel, ensuring a safe and enjoyable experience while contributing to global public health. With a variety of destination-specific and general travel vaccinations to consider, partnering with experienced healthcare professionals is the key to creating a tailored immunisation plan for your unique needs.

Leyton Pharmacy, a leading vaccination centre in the UK, offers comprehensive travel vaccination services to help you embark on your global adventures. With our expert advice, professional guidance, and up-to-date knowledge of international health recommendations, you can trust us to support you in making informed decisions on your travel vaccination requirements. Let us help you prepare for a healthy overseas journey. Schedule a travel vaccination consultation with us today, and look forward to exploring the world with confidence and peace of mind!

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