Compression Stockings 101: Benefits, Usage, and Tips for Choosing the Right Pair

Compression Stockings 101: Benefits, Usage, and Tips for Choosing the Right Pair

Compression stockings have been gaining popularity in recent years for their wide range of advantages in improving overall leg health and enhancing comfort. These specialised stockings apply gentle pressure to the legs, supporting the circulation of blood and reducing swelling. They are often recommended for managing various leg-related issues or reducing the risk of developing venous disorders. 

So, if you are considering trying out compression stockings or are curious about how they can benefit your daily life, this article is for you. We'll discuss the many situations where wearing compression stockings can help, how to use them properly and some tips for choosing the right pair to suit your needs.

While compression stockings offer numerous benefits to your leg health and overall well-being, using them correctly and choosing the right pair to fit your needs and lifestyle is essential. Throughout this article, we will delve deeper into the types of compression stockings available, the factors to consider when selecting a pair, and tips on using and caring for your stockings to maximise their effectiveness and longevity. 

Whether you're a professional athlete, an expectant mother, or someone who spends long hours on their feet, this guide will help you make an informed decision on incorporating compression stockings into your daily routine for improved leg health and comfort.

Understanding Different Types of Compression Stockings

There is a wide variety of compression stockings available to cater to different needs and preferences. They range in strength, length, style, and materials used. Here, we outline the main categories of compression stockings which can help you in the selection process:

  1. Graduated compression stockings: These are the most commonly recommended type, designed to apply higher pressure at the ankle and gradually decrease pressure as they move up the leg. This design helps to promote blood flow back towards the heart.
  1. Anti-embolism stockings: TED stockings are specifically designed for individuals who are recovering from surgery and at a higher risk of developing blood clots. They have a similar pressure gradient as graduated compression stockings but generally apply a lower amount of pressure overall.
  1. Non-medical support hosiery: These stockings can be purchased without a prescription and provide mild compression for everyday use. They are suitable for individuals who do not suffer from any specific medical conditions but want to experience the benefits of wearing compression stockings.
  1. Athletic compression socks: These socks are designed for athletes and help improve performance and speed up recovery by promoting blood circulation, stabilising muscles and reducing muscle fatigue.

Selecting the Right Strength and Fit

When it comes to choosing compression stockings, the two most important factors to consider are the compression level and the fit of the garment:

  1. Compression levels: Compression stockings come in various pressure levels, typically measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg). The four main levels range from mild (8-15 mmHg) to extra-firm (30-40 mmHg) compression. Choosing a level based on your specific needs is important, and it is best to consult with a healthcare professional to get an accurate recommendation.
  1. Sizing and fit: Getting the right fit is crucial to ensure the stockings provide the desired benefits and are comfortable to wear. This may involve taking measurements of your leg circumference at specific points and using the stocking brand's sizing chart. In general, your measurements should be taken in the morning when your legs have minimal swelling.

Tips for Wearing and Caring for Compression Stockings

To enjoy the utmost efficacy and longevity of your compression stockings, it's essential to wear and care for them properly. Here are some tips to help you get started:

  1. Putting on your stockings: It is generally easiest to put on compression stockings when you get up in the morning before any leg swelling occurs. Turn the stocking inside out up until the heel area, then place your foot into the stocking and roll up the leg, smoothing out any wrinkles as you go.
  1. Wearing schedule: Depending on your needs, a healthcare professional may recommend wearing your compression stockings for specific durations. In some cases, wearing them throughout the day and removing them at night may be suggested. It is important to follow the advice of your healthcare professional for optimal results.
  1. Cleaning and storage: Regularly washing your compression stockings can help prolong their effectiveness and maintain good hygiene. Most stockings can be hand-washed with mild soap and then hung to air dry. Avoid using high heat when drying, as it may damage the elastic fibres in the stockings. Additionally, it's best to store your stockings away from direct sunlight to prevent damage from UV rays.
  1. Replacement: Compression stockings generally have a limited lifespan and may need to be replaced every 3-6 months or when they lose their elasticity. Monitoring the condition of your stockings and replacing them when necessary ensures they continue to provide the appropriate compression level.

Understanding When Compression Stockings May Not Be Suitable

While compression stockings have a wide range of benefits, there are certain circumstances where their use may not be recommended or could potentially be detrimental. These situations might include individuals with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), skin infections, or those who are allergic to the materials used in the stockings.


Incorporating compression stockings into your daily routine can significantly improve leg health, prevent venous disorders, and enhance overall comfort. Understanding the different types of stockings, choosing the right strength and fit, and following proper usage and care guidelines will help you make the most of this beneficial aid. As always, consulting with a healthcare professional for personalised guidance and recommendations is crucial. By staying informed and investing in your well-being, you can experience better leg health and lead a more comfortable and active life.

At Leyton Pharmacy, we believe that sometimes families need a little extra pair of hands to support them in looking after themselves and their loved ones. We believe your health is wealth, and you need a trusted partner to keep you on target with your fitness and health goals. Get in touch with us today to see how we can help!

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